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Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)

 Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)

The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is specifically designed to screen and measure depression in older adults. It contains 30 forced-choice “yes” or “no” questions, a format that is helpful for individuals with cognitive dysfunction. Questions related to how an individual has felt in a specified time frame. It takes five to seven minutes to complete the questionnaire.

Yesavage, J.A., Brink, T.L., Rose, T.L., Lum, O., Huang, V., Adey, M., & Leirer, V.O. (1982-1983). Development and validation of a Geriatric Depression Screening Scale: A preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 17(1), 37-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(82)90033-4

Lopez, M.N., Quan, N.M., & Carvajal, P.M. (2010). A psychometric study of the Geriatric Depression Scale. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26(1), 55-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000008

More Information

Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders: Geriatric Depression Scale


How to Access

The GDS is in the public domain and no permission is required for use. A copy of the instrument is available either electronically or as plain text through Stanford University.

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