Showing posts with label Psychoanalytical theory. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Psychoanalytical theory. Show all posts

Friday, 15 January 2021

How Does the Oedipal Complex Resolve?

How Does the Oedipal Complex Resolve?

Oedipus complex refers to the son–father competition for possession of his mother that occurs during the phallic stage of psychosexual development. The male child resolves it by crushing the hostility against and identifying with his father and repressing his feelings for his mother. The child takes on the mannerisms, standards, and behaviours of his father, and in this way, the superego develops at six.

Trigger for the Resolution

When the Oedipus complex forms, the boy remains in a constant conflict. He directs his libido towards his mother and develops an emotional rivalry with his father. Because of this rivalry, he wants to kill the father, but because of his position; becomes fearful that his father might castrate him—we call this castration anxiety. 

Use of defences

Defence mechanisms provide momentary relief of the conflict between the id and the ego. Repression and identification are the two mechanisms that help with this. 

Repression

It means "unconscious blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind." Repression provides momentary relief of the conflict that the child has with his father."

Identification

To permanently abolish the conflict that gives rise to castration anxiety, the boy identifies with the father, incorporating his personality characteristics. He enjoys being like his father—a hero like his father. 

Monday, 14 December 2020

1960s Psychoanalytic Approach to Children with Autism

The 1960s psychoanalytic approach to children with autism:

Base on Lovaas- socialization study

Building social behavior in children with autism by use of electric shock. Method- use of identical twins: Tell them to come here and shock them until they move toward the experimenter. They based applied behavior analysis on it, supported by decades of research behind the Lovaas approach and more if you include the research into Skinner's theories, on which they base it.

Predictors of response

  1. Early: better the outcome in younger children. 
  2. Intensive more sessions per week. 
  3. Duration: longer duration of therapy. 
  4. With Parents: Children accompanied by parents in therapy do better.

Monday, 11 July 2016

Mnemonic for the Adult Traits Associated with Freud's Oral Phase of Development

According to the theory of psychosexual development, subjects develop the following traits with fixation at the oral stage of development: 
  1. Dependency
  2. Optimism
  3. Gullibility
  4. Sarcasm
  5. Hostility
  6. Aggression
  7. Pessimism, passivity

MNEMONIC:

DOG SHAPe

Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Mnemonic for Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development

Mnemonic for Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development

The following sentence helps me remember the stages of psychosexual development in order. 

Onions And Potatoes Look Great

  1. Oral
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. Latency 
  5. Genital 

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