A broad range of complications of catatonia can occur, such as aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, muscle contractures, pressure ulcers, nutritional deficiencies, severe weight loss, thiamine deficiency, electrolyte disturbances, urinary tract infections, and venous thromboembolism, some of which can lead to life-threatening situations.
- Some patients will require a high level of nursing care, and IV fluids and/or nasogastric tube feeds, in order to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality caused by immobility, poor nutrition, and dehydration.
- Anticoagulant therapies can prevent deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism in immobile patients.
- We should treat medical complications lege artist.
- Given the often dramatic and prompt improvement of motor immobility after treatment, the major measure in preventing complications is a prompt diagnosis and a rapid initiation of an adequate treatment of the catatonic state.