Showing posts with label Stress Related Disorders. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Stress Related Disorders. Show all posts

Saturday, 9 January 2021

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Difference between Grief Reaction and Depression

  1. Predominant mood in grief is feelings of emptiness and loss, while in depression, one has a persistent low mood and anhedonia

  2. Mood in greif improves over days to weeks in waves, while it is persistent in case of depression.

  3. In greif there may be waves of positive feelings including humor as compared to depression where , there is only low mood. 

  4. The grieved person is preoccupied with memories of the deceased, depression on the other hand is characterised by the depressive cognitions of guilt, pessimism, hopelessness, worthlessness. 

Sunday, 12 June 2016

Risk Factors for PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)

Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The following description of risk factors also answers QID:919472837474

The best answer would be d) her intelligence quotient. The patient has developed symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, including the most specific “intrusive symptoms.” These have occurred after the life-threatening event she went through. Both the international classification of diseases and the diagnostic and statistical manual require such a precipitating factor for making the diagnosis. It is an event that is life-threatening, or according to the diagnostic and statistical manual, one that threatens body-integrity (e.g. rape). One may either be a bystander or directly threatened by the event. However, this factor interacts with other predisposing or vulnerability factors in an individual to trigger the condition. Genetic factors account for about one-third of the vulnerability, according to a study conducted on twins working in the U.S. military. Other notable predisposing factors include female gender, a history of anxiety or depression, lower levels of intelligence, neurotic traits, a history of trauma, and lower social support. Her gender, her history of depression, of experiencing a similar event, and her personality, may all have predisposed her to develop post-traumatic stress disorder. Low and not an elevated level of intelligence predisposes to post-traumatic stress disorder. Thus, her elevated level of intelligence may not have added to her risk.


  •      Female Gender, Family History of Psychiatric Illness
  •      Anxiety/mood disorder (history of)
  •      Intelligence (low)
  •      Neuroticism
  •      Trauma, history of
  •      Social support (poor)

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