Showing posts with label Psychological Therapies. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Psychological Therapies. Show all posts

Monday, 14 December 2020

What was the 1970s psychoanalytic approach to children with autism?

The 1970s psychoanalytic approach:

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), based on operant-conditioning, target behaviors (excess of unwanted and or deficits of wanted) are modified with reinforcement approximations (shaping).

Applied behavior analysis, also called behavioral engineering,
applying empirical approaches based upon the principles of respondent and operant conditioning to change behavior of social significance. It is the applied form of behavior analysis; the other two forms are radical behaviorism and the experimental analysis of behavior. (Wikipedia)

1960s Psychoanalytic Approach to Children with Autism

The 1960s psychoanalytic approach to children with autism:

Base on Lovaas- socialization study

Building social behavior in children with autism by use of electric shock. Method- use of identical twins: Tell them to come here and shock them until they move toward the experimenter. They based applied behavior analysis on it, supported by decades of research behind the Lovaas approach and more if you include the research into Skinner's theories, on which they base it.

Predictors of response

  1. Early: better the outcome in younger children. 
  2. Intensive more sessions per week. 
  3. Duration: longer duration of therapy. 
  4. With Parents: Children accompanied by parents in therapy do better.

Thursday, 14 July 2016

Models of breaking Bad news

The following are the models of breaking bad news






  • Kays Model

Thursday, 7 July 2016

Principal features of a therapeutic community Mnemonic


  • Directness and honestly, decisions are shared.

  • Shared activities 

  • Mutual help

  • Permissiveness 

  • Informality

Saturday, 18 June 2016

Components of CBT for PTSD

Anger is CRIME

  • Anger management 

  • Cognitive restructuring 

  • Recall of images of the events

  • Information about about stress response

  • Monitoring (self) of symptoms 

  • Exposure

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