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Showing posts with the label Phenomenology


Verbigeration Verbigeration is the monotonous repetition of syllables and words,  like perseveration--in which a person repeats words in response to a stimulus. However, verbigeration occurs when a person repeats words without a stimulus.  It is an extreme form of loosening of associations.    We observe it in organic disorders.

Affect illusions

Affect illusions These arise in a particular mood state. For example, a bereaved person may momentarily believe they ‘see’ the deceased person, or the delirious person in a perplexed and bewildered state may perceive the innocent gestures of others as threatening. In severe depression when delusions of guilt are present, the person believing that he is wicked may also say that he hears people talking about killing him when he is in the company of others. In these circumstances, it is difficult to know if he is experiencing illusions or hearing hallucinatory voices talking about him and attributing them to those around him.  QID: 20200407202203706


  Abreaction Abreaction  is a process of vividly reliving repressed memories and emotions related to a past event.  Sigmund Freud  used  hypnosis  to rid his patients of pathological memories through abreaction. They have used it for a rapid release of emotions too. 

Age Disorientation in Schizophrenia

Age Disorientation in Schizophrenia Age-disoriented patients are cognitively more impaired than their age-oriented counterparts. Whether the cognitive impairment is present to a greater degree premorbid among these patients, studies have not yet established this, but some data support this. Others have reported that rated school performance and grade-level do not distinguish age-disoriented from age-oriented subjects. Some have suggested that marked cognitive decline occurs following the first break.  Harvey et al. reported that age-related decline in mini-mental state examination scores is dramatically greater among age-disoriented schizophrenia patients than age-oriented subjects, consistent with more rapid deterioration. Examination of the specific PANSS items revealed that the age-disoriented group was consistently more delusional and more conceptually disorganized and showed increased stereotyped thinking, motor retardation, unusual thought content, disorientation, and poor attent