Showing posts with label Phenomenology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Phenomenology. Show all posts

Thursday, 12 May 2022

Restlessness

 Restlessness

Restlessness has two components: akathisia (subjective "inner" restlessness) and psychomotor agitation (an excess of motor activity).


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Zoophilia

 Zoophilia

One of the paraphilias, is characterized by marked distress over, or acting on, urges to indulge in sexual activity that involves animals.


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Würgstimme

 Würgstimme

Würgstimme refers to speaking in an odd muffled or strangled voice. It is mainly seen in schizophrenia.


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Word-salad

 Word-salad

Word Salad (derived from the German Wortsalat) is characterized by confused, and often repetitious, language with no apparent meaning or relationship attached to them. It is often symptomatic of various mental illnesses, such as psychoses, including schizophrenia. Compare Derailment.


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Word approximation

 Word approximation

Usage of words in an unconventional or inappropriate way (as in metonymy), or usage of new but understandable words that are conventionally constructed (e.g., handshoes for gloves, time measure for the clock, and easily for simplify), contrasting with neologisms which are new words whose origins cannot be understood.


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Witzelsucht

 Witzelsucht

Witzelsucht is a tendency to tell inappropriate jokes and create excessive facetiousness and inappropriate or pointless humour. It is seen in Frontal lobe disorders usually along with moria. Recent research has shown that it may also be seen in frontotemporal dementia.


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Windigo Psychosis

 Windigo Psychosis

Windigo (also Wendigo, Windago, Windiga, Witiko, and numerous other variants) psychosis is a culture-bound disorder which involves an intense craving for human flesh and the fear that one will turn into a cannibal. This was alleged to have occurred among Algonquian Indian cultures.


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Waxy rigidity

 Waxy rigidity

Compare Mitmachen and Waxy flexibility.


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Waxy flexibility

 Waxy flexibility

Waxy flexibility, also known as cerea flexibilitas, meaning is characterized by an individual's movements having the feeling of a plastic resistance, as if the person were made of wax. This occurs in catatonic schizophrenia, and a person suffering from this condition can have their limbs placed in fixed positions as if the person were in fact made from wax.

Slight even resistance to positioning by examiner.


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Wahneinfall

 Wahneinfall

Wahneinfall is an alternate term for autochthonous delusions or delusional intuition. This is one of the types of primary delusions in which a firm belief comes into the individual's mind 'out of the blue' or as an intuition, hence called delusional intuition. Other types of primary delusions include delusional mood (or atmosphere), delusional (apophanous) perception and delusional memories. Care must be taken not to impugn an otherwise rational individual's instinctive aversion or inexpressible sense of or belief about a thing by dismissing it as Wahneinfall.


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Vorbeigehen; Vorbeireden

 Vorbeigehen; Vorbeireden

In vorbeigehen or vorbeireden, an individual will answer a question in such a way that it is clear the question was understood, though the answer itself is very obviously wrong. For example: "How many legs does a dog have?" – "Six". This condition occurs in Ganser syndrome and has been observed in prisoners awaiting trial. Vorbeigehen (giving approximate answers) was the original term used by Ganser but Vorbeireden (talking past the point) is the term generally in use (Goldin 1955). This behavior is also seen in people trying to feign psychiatric disorders (hence its association with prisoners).


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Verstimmung

 Verstimmung

It refers to an ill-humoured mood state often accompanied by low mood and depressive symptoms. The people surrounding the individual often feel upset by this condition.


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Verbigeration

 Verbigeration

Verbigeration is a verbal stereotypy in which usually one or several sentences or strings of fragmented words are repeated continuously. Sometimes individuals will produce incomprehensible jargon in which stereotypes are embedded. The tone of voice is usually monotonous. This can be produced spontaneously or precipitated by questioning. The term verbigeration was first used in psychiatry by Karl Kahlbaum in 1874, and it referred to a manner of talking which was very fast and incomprehensible. At the time verbigeration was seen as a ‘disorder of language’ and represented a central feature of catatonia. The word is derived from the Latin word ‘verbum’ (also the source of ‘verbiage’), plus the verb ‘gerĕre’, to carry on or conduct, from which the Latin verb ‘verbigerāre’, to talk or chat, is derived. However, clinically the term verbigeration never achieved popularity and as such has virtually disappeared from psychiatric terminology. Compare Echolalia.


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Unipolar depression

 Unipolar depression

A serious mood disorder that consists of unremitting depression or periods of depression that do not alternate with periods of mania.


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Trichotillomania

 Trichotillomania

Also known as a hair-pulling disorder, Trichotillomania (TTM) is an impulse control disorder characterized by a long-term urge that results in the pulling out of one's hair. This occurs to such a degree that hair loss can be seen. Efforts to stop pulling hair typically fail. Hair removal may occur anywhere; however, the head and around the eyes are most common. The hair pulling is to such a degree that it results in distress.


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Traumatic bonding

 Traumatic bonding

Traumatic bonding occurs as the result of ongoing cycles of abuse in which the intermittent reinforcement of reward and punishment creates powerful emotional bonds that are resistant to change.


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Tourette Syndrome

 Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome (abbreviated as TS or Tourette's) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that begins in childhood or adolescence. It is characterized by multiple movement (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. Common tics are blinking, coughing, throat clearing, sniffing, and facial movements. These are typically preceded by an unwanted urge or sensation in the affected muscles, can sometimes be suppressed temporarily, and characteristically change in location, strength, and frequency. Tourette's is at the more severe end of a spectrum of tic disorders. The tics often go unnoticed by casual observers.


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Torpor

 Torpor

Torpor in psychopathology is usually taken to mean profound inactivity not caused by a reduction in consciousness


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Thought-action Fusion

 Thought-action Fusion

The tendency to treat thoughts and actions as equivalent


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Thought sonorization

 Thought sonorization

A combined term for Gedankenlautwerden and Écho de la pensée ("thought echo")


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