Saturday, 28 May 2022

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Impulse Control Syndrome (6E66)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Impulse Control Syndrome (6E66)

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent symptoms that are characteristic of Impulse Control Disorders or Disorders Due to Addictive Behaviours (e.g., stealing, fire-setting, aggressive outbursts, compulsive sexual behaviour, excessive gambling) that are judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., as part of an adjustment disorder in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the impulse control symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:  

  • Delirium (6D70)


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Neurocognitive Syndrome (6E67)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Neurocognitive Syndrome (6E67)

A syndrome that involves significant cognitive features that do not fulfill the diagnostic requirements of any of the specific neurocognitive disorders and are judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition or injury not classified under mental and behavioural disorders (e.g., cognitive changes due to a brain tumour), based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the cognitive symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code also the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Disorders with neurocognitive impairment as a major feature (BlockL1‑8A2)

Coded Elsewhere:  

  • Delirium (6D70)


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Dissociative Syndrome

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Dissociative Syndrome

Description

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent dissociative symptoms (e.g., depersonalization, derealization) that is judged to be the direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., as part of an acute stress reaction in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the dissociative symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Exclusions

  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Acute stress reaction (QE84)

Diagnostic Requirements

Essential (Required) Features:

  • The presence of prominent dissociative symptoms (e.g., depersonalization, derealization, dissociative amnesia, a marked alteration in the individual’s normal sense of personal identity).
  • The symptoms are judged to be the direct pathophysiological consequence of a medical condition, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. This judgment depends on establishing that:
    • The medical condition is known to be capable of producing the observed symptoms;
    • The course of dissociative symptoms (e.g., onset, remission, response of the dissociative symptoms to treatment of the etiological medical condition) is consistent with causation by the medical condition; and
    • The symptoms are not better accounted for by Delirium, Dementia, another mental disorder (e.g., Dissociative Disorders, Disorders Specifically Associated with Stress, Schizophrenia or Other Primary Psychotic Disorders) or the effects of a medication or substance, including withdrawal effects.
  • The symptoms are sufficiently severe to be a specific focus of clinical attention.

Boundary with other disorders and normality:

Boundary with Dissociative Disorders: 

Determining whether dissociative symptoms are due to a medical condition as opposed to manifestations of a primary mental disorder is often difficult because the clinical presentations may be similar. Establishing the presence of a potentially explanatory medical condition that can cause dissociative symptoms and the temporal relationship between the medical condition and the dissociative symptoms is critical in diagnosing Secondary Dissociative Syndrome.

Boundary with dissociative symptoms caused by substances or medications, including withdrawal effects: 

When establishing a diagnosis of Secondary Dissociative Syndrome, it is important to rule out the possibility that a medication or substance is causing the dissociative symptoms. This involves first considering whether any of the medications being used to treat the medical condition are known to cause dissociative symptoms at the dose and duration at which it has been administered. Second, a temporal relationship between the medication use and the onset of the dissociative symptoms should be established (i.e., the dissociative symptoms began after administration of the medication and/or remitted once the medication was discontinued). The same reasoning applies to individuals with a medical condition and dissociative symptoms who are also using a psychoactive substance known to cause dissociative symptoms, either in the context of intoxication or withdrawal (e.g., amnesia due to ketamine or phencyclidine intoxication, depersonalization due to dextromethorphan intoxication).

Boundary with dissociative symptoms that are precipitated by the stress of being diagnosed with a medical condition: 

The stress of a medical diagnosis can precipitate dissociative symptoms (e.g., depersonalization, derealization). Depending on the nature of the medical condition (e.g., a life-threatening type of cancer, a potentially fatal infection) or its onset (e.g., a heart attack, a stroke, a severe injury), being diagnosed and/or having to cope with a severe medical condition can be experienced as a traumatic event, which may trigger dissociative symptoms. In the absence of evidence of a physiological link between the medical condition and the dissociative symptoms, a diagnosis of Secondary Dissociative Syndrome is not warranted. Instead, the appropriate mental disorder can be diagnosed (e.g., Adjustment Disorder, Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder).

Potentially Explanatory Medical Conditions (examples):

Brain disorders and general medical conditions that have been shown to be capable of producing dissociative syndromes include:

  • Diseases of the Nervous System (e.g., encephalitis, migraine, seizures, stroke)
  • Endocrine, Nutritional or Metabolic Diseases (e.g., hyperglycaemia)
  • Injury, Poisoning or Certain Other Consequences of External Causes (e.g., intracranial injury)
  • Neoplasms (e.g., neoplasms of brain)


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/



ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Personality Change (6E68)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Personality Change (6E68)

A syndrome characterised by a persistent personality disturbance that represents a change from the individual’s previous characteristic personality pattern that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under Mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., social withdrawal, avoidance, or dependence in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the personality symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions: 

  • Personality difficulty (QE50.7)
  • Personality disorder (6D10)
  • Delirium (6D70)


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Catatonia Syndrome (6E69)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Catatonia Syndrome (6E69)

Secondary catatonia syndrome is a syndrome of primarily psychomotor disturbances, characterized by the co-occurrence of several symptoms of decreased, increased, or abormal psychomotor activity, which occurs as a direct pathophysiological consequence of a medical condition not classified under Mental, Behavioural or Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Examples of medical conditions that may be associated with Catatonia include diabetic ketoacidosis, hypercalcemia, hepatic encephalopathy, homocystinuria, neoplasms head trauma, cerebrovascular disease, and encephalitis.

Coding Note:     Use additional code, if desired, for any underlying disorder if known.

  6E6Y          Other specified secondary mental or behavioural syndrome

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

  6E6Z          Secondary mental or behavioural syndrome, unspecified

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

  6E8Y            Other specified mental, behavioural or neurodevelopmental disorders
  6E8Z            Mental, behavioural or neurodevelopmental disorders, unspecified

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Obsessive-Compulsive or Related Syndrome (6E64 )

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Obsessive-Compulsive or Related Syndrome (6E64)

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent obsessions, compulsions, hoarding, skin picking, hair pulling, other body-focused repetitive behaviours, or other symptoms characteristic of obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that is judged to be the direct pathophysiological consequence of a disorder or disease not classified under Mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by Delirium or by another Mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., repetitive ruminations in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the obsessive-compulsive or related symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Obsessive-compulsive or related disorder induced by other specified psychoactive substance (6C4E.72)
  • Tic disorders (8A05)

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Anxiety Syndrome (6E63)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Anxiety Syndrome (6E63)

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent anxiety symptoms judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., anxiety symptoms or panic attacks in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the anxiety symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Mood Syndrome (6E62)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Mood Syndrome (6E62)

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent mood symptoms (i.e., depression, elevated mood, irritability) judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., depressive symptoms in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the mood symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)

6E62.0        Secondary mood syndrome, with depressive symptoms

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent depressive symptoms such as persistently depressed mood, loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities, or signs such as tearful and downtrodden appearance that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., depressive symptoms in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the mood symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)

6E62.1         Secondary mood syndrome, with manic symptoms

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent manic symptoms such as elevated, euphoric, irritable, or expansive mood states, rapid changes among different mood states (i.e., mood lability), or increased energy or activity that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Inclusions:              

  • Mood syndrome due to disorders or diseases not classified under Mental and behavioural disorders, with manic symptoms

Exclusions:             

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)

6E62.2       Secondary mood syndrome, with mixed symptoms

A syndrome characterised by the presence of both manic and depressive symptoms, either occurring together or alternating from day to day or over the course of a day that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. Manic symptoms may include elevated, euphoric, irritable, or expansive mood states, rapid changes among different mood states (i.e., mood lability), or increased energy or activity. Depressive symptoms may include persistently depressed mood, loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities, or signs such as tearful or downtrodden appearance. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., depressive symptoms in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the mood symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:      

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)

6E62.3         Secondary mood syndrome, with unspecified symptoms

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:  

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Delirium (6D70)


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Psychotic Syndrome (6E61)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Psychotic Syndrome (6E61) 

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent hallucinations or delusions judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., an acute stress reaction in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the psychotic symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Acute and transient psychotic disorder (6A23)
  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)

6E61.0       Secondary psychotic syndrome, with hallucinations

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent hallucinations that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. Delusions are not a prominent aspect of the clinical presentation. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., an acute stress reaction in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the psychotic symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:     

  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)

6E61.1       Secondary psychotic syndrome, with delusions

A syndrome characterised by the presence of prominent delusions that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. Hallucinations are not a prominent aspect of the clinical presentation. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., an acute stress reaction in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the psychotic symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:             

  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)

6E61.2        Secondary psychotic syndrome, with hallucinations and delusions

A syndrome characterised by the presence of both prominent hallucinations and prominent delusions that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., an acute stress reaction in response to a life-threatening diagnosis). This category should be used in addition the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the psychotic symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions: 

  • Delirium (6D70)
  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)

6E61.3        Secondary psychotic syndrome, with unspecified symptoms

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Mental or Behavioural Syndromes Associated with Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere (BlockL1‑6E6)

ICD-11 Criteria for Secondary Mental or Behavioural Syndromes Associated with Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere (BlockL1‑6E6)

This grouping includes syndromes characterised by the presence of prominent psychological or behavioural symptoms judged to be direct pathophysiological consequences of a medical condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. The symptoms are not accounted for by delirium or by another mental and behavioural disorder, and are not a psychologically mediated response to a severe medical condition (e.g., adjustment disorder or anxiety symptoms in response to being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness). These categories should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the psychological and behavioural symptoms are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Exclusions:

  • Acute pain (MG31)
  • Bodily distress disorder (6C20)
  • Chronic pain (MG30)

Coded Elsewhere:  Delirium due to disease classified elsewhere (6D70.0)

6E60       Secondary Neurodevelopmental Syndrome

A syndrome that involves significant neurodevelopmental features that do not fulfill the diagnostic requirements of any of the specific neurodevelopmental disorders that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders (e.g., autistic-like features in Retts syndrome; aggression and self-mutilation in Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, abnormalities in language development in Williams syndrome), based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings.

This category should be used in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the neurodevelopmental problems are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

Exclusions:             

  • Autism spectrum disorder (6A02)
  • Disorders of intellectual development (6A00)
  • Stereotyped movement disorder (6A06)

6E60.0        Secondary speech or language syndrome

A syndrome that involves significant features related to speech or language development that do not fulfill the diagnostic requirements of any of the specific developmental speech or language disorders that is judged to be a direct pathophysiological consequence of a health condition not classified under mental and behavioural disorders, based on evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings. Possible etiologies include a disease of the nervous system, sensory impairment, brain injury or infection.

Coding Note:     This diagnosis should be assigned in addition to the diagnosis for the presumed underlying disorder or disease when the neurodevelopmental problems are sufficiently severe to warrant specific clinical attention.

6E60.Y       Other specified secondary neurodevelopmental syndrome

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

6E60.Z       Secondary neurodevelopmental syndrome, unspecified

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/



ICD-11 Criteria for Psychological or Behavioural Factors Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere (6E40)

ICD-11 Criteria for Psychological or Behavioural Factors Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere (6E40)

Psychological and behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are those that may adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of a condition classified in another chapter of the ICD. These factors may adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of the disorder or disease classified in another chapter by: interfering with the treatment of the disorder or disease by affecting treatment adherence or care seeking; constituting an additional health risk; or influencing the underlying pathophysiology to precipitate or exacerbate symptoms or otherwise necessitate medical attention. This diagnosis should be assigned only when the factors increase the risk of suffering, disability, or death and represent a focus of clinical attention, and should be assigned together with the diagnosis for the relevant other condition.

Inclusions:

  • Psychological factors affecting physical conditions

Exclusions:

Mental or behavioural disorders associated with pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium (BlockL1‑6E2)

6E40.0        Mental Disorder Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

All diagnostic requirements for Psychological or behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are met. The individual is diagnosed with a mental, behavioural, or neurodevelopmental disorder that adversely affects the manifestation, treatment, or course of a disorder or disease classified in another chapter (e.g., a woman with Bulimia Nervosa and Type 1 diabetes mellitus who skips insulin doses as a way to avoid weight gain that would otherwise be caused by her binge eating).

6E40.1         Psychological Symptoms Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

All diagnostic requirements for Psychological or behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are met. The individual exhibits psychological symptoms that do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a mental, behavioural, or neurodevelopmental disorder that adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of a disorder or disease classified in another chapter (e.g., depressive symptoms interfering with rehabilitation following surgery).

6E40.2        Personality Traits or Coping Style Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

All diagnostic requirements for Psychological or behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are met. The individual exhibits personality traits or coping styles that do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a mental, behavioural, or neurodevelopmental disorder that adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of a disorder or disease classified in another chapter (e.g., pathological denial of the need for surgery in a patient with cancer; hostile, pressured behaviour contributing to heart disease).

6E40.3          Maladaptive Health Behaviours Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

All diagnostic requirements for Psychological or behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are met. The individual exhibits maladaptive health behaviours that adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of a disorder or disease classified in another chapter (e.g., overeating, lack of exercise).

6E40.4         Stress-Related Physiological Response Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

All diagnostic requirements for Psychological or behavioural factors affecting disorders or diseases classified elsewhere are met. The individual exhibits stress-related physiological responses that adversely affect the manifestation, treatment, or course of a disorder or disease classified in another chapter (e.g., stress-related exacerbation of ulcer, hypertension, arrhythmia, or tension headache).

6E40.Y        Other Specified Psychological or Behavioural Factors Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere

6E40.Z        Psychological or Behavioural Factors Affecting Disorders or Diseases Classified Elsewhere, Unspecified


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Mental or Behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium, with Psychotic Symptoms (6E21)

ICD-11 Criteria for Mental or Behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium, with Psychotic Symptoms (6E21)

A syndrome associated with pregnancy or the puerperium (commencing within about 6 weeks after delivery) that involves significant mental and behavioural features, including delusions, hallucinations, or other psychotic symptoms. Mood symptoms (depressive and/or manic) are also typically present. If the symptoms meet the diagnostic requirements for a specific mental disorder, that diagnosis should also be assigned.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

6E2Z        Mental or behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium, Unspecified

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Mental or Behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium (BlockL1‑6E2)

ICD-11 Criteria for Mental or Behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium (BlockL1‑6E2)

Syndromes associated with pregnancy or the puerperium (commencing within about 6 weeks after delivery) that involve significant mental and behavioural features. If the symptoms meet the diagnostic requirements for a specific mental disorder, that diagnosis should also be assigned.

Coded Elsewhere:  Psychological disorder related to obstetric fistula (GC04.1Y)

6E20     Mental or Behavioural Disorders Associated with Pregnancy, Childbirth or the Puerperium, without Psychotic Symptoms

A syndrome associated with pregnancy or the puerperium (commencing within about 6 weeks after delivery) that involves significant mental and behavioural features, most commonly depressive symptoms. The syndrome does not include delusions, hallucinations, or other psychotic symptoms. If the symptoms meet the diagnostic requirements for a specific mental disorder, that diagnosis should also be assigned. This designation should not be used to describe mild and transient depressive symptoms that do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a depressive episode, which may occur soon after delivery (so-called postpartum blues).

Coding Note:    Code aslo the causing condition

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Behavioural or Psychological Disturbances in Dementia (6D86)

ICD-11 Criteria for Behavioural or Psychological Disturbances in Dementia (6D86)

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant behavioural or psychological disturbances.

Coding Note:     These categories should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of behavioural or psychological disturbance in dementia.

Code all that apply.

Exclusions:

  • Secondary mental or behavioural syndromes associated with disorders or diseases classified elsewhere (BlockL1‑6E6)

6D86.0       Psychotic Symptoms in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant delusions or hallucinations.

Exclusions:             

  • Schizophrenia or other primary psychotic disorders (BlockL1‑6A2)
  • Secondary psychotic syndrome (6E61)

6D86.1      Mood Symptoms in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant mood symptoms such as depressed mood, elevated mood, or irritable mood.

Exclusions:

  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)
  • Secondary mood syndrome (6E62)

6D86.2             Anxiety symptoms in dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or worry.

Exclusions: 

  • Anxiety or fear-related disorders (BlockL1‑6B0)
  • Secondary anxiety syndrome (6E63)

6D86.3           Apathy in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant indifference or lack of interest.

Exclusions:    

  • Mood disorders (BlockL1‑6A6)
  • Secondary mood syndrome (6E62)

6D86.4       Agitation or Aggression in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes: 1) clinically significant excessive psychomotor activity accompanied by increased tension; or 2) hostile or violent behaviour.

6D86.5        Disinhibition in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant lack of restraint manifested in disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment.

6D86.6        Wandering in Dementia

In addition to the cognitive disturbances characteristic of dementia, the current clinical picture includes clinically significant wandering that puts the person at risk of harm.

6D86.Y         Other Specified Behavioural or Psychological Disturbances in Dementia

Coding Note:     These categories should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of behavioural or psychological disturbance in dementia.

Code all that apply.

6D86.Z            Behavioural or Psychological Disturbances in Dementia, Unspecified

Coding Note:     These categories should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of behavioural or psychological disturbance in dementia.

Code all that apply.

  6D8Y        Dementia, other Specified Cause

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

  6D8Z       Dementia, Unknown or Unspecified cause

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

  6E0Y          Other specified Neurocognitive Disorders
  6E0Z           Neurocognitive Disorders, Unspecified


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


ICD-11 Criteria for Dementia due to Diseases Classified Elsewhere (6D85 )

ICD-11 Criteria for Dementia due to Diseases Classified Elsewhere (6D85 )

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.0        Dementia due to Parkinson disease

Dementia due to Parkinson disease develops among individuals with idiopathic Parkinson disease and is characterized by impairment in attention, memory, executive and visuo-spatial functions. Mental and behavioral symptoms such as changes in affect, apathy and hallucinations may also be present. Onset is insidious and the course is one of gradual worsening of symptoms.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.1         Dementia due to Huntington disease

Dementia due to Huntington disease occurs as part of a widespread degeneration of the brain due to a trinucleotide repeat expansion in the HTT gene, which is transmitted through autosomal dominance. Onset of symptoms is insidious typically in the third and fourth decade of life with gradual and slow progression. Initial symptoms typically include impairments in executive functions with relative sparing of memory, prior to the onset of motor deficits (bradykinesia and chorea) characteristic of Huntington disease.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

Inclusions:    

  • Dementia in Huntington chorea

6D85.2         Dementia due to exposure to heavy metals and other toxins

Dementia due to exposure to heavy metals and other toxins caused by toxic exposure to specific heavy metals such as aluminium from dialysis water, lead, mercury or manganese. The characteristic cognitive impairments in Dementia due to exposure to heavy metals and other toxins depend on the specific heavy metal or toxin that the individual has been exposed to but can affect any cognitive domain. Onset of symptoms is related to exposure and progression can be rapid especially with acute exposure. In many cases, symptoms are reversible when exposure is identified and ceases. Investigations such as brain imaging or neurophysiological testing may be abnormal. Lead poisoning is associated with abnormalities on brain imaging including widespread calcification and increased signal on MRI T2-weighted images of periventricular white matter, basal ganglia hypothalamus and pons. Dementia due to aluminium toxicity may demonstrate characteristic paroxysmal high-voltage delta EEG changes. Examination may make evident other features such as peripheral neuropathy in the case of lead, arsenic, or mercury.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

Exclusions: 

  • Dementia due to psychoactive substances including medications (6D84)

6D85.3         Dementia due to human immunodeficiency virus

Dementia due to human immunodeficiency virus develops during the course of confirmed HIV disease, in the absence of a concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the clinical features. Although a variety of patterns of cognitive deficit are possible depending on where the HIV pathogenic processes have occurred, typically deficits follow a subcortical pattern with impairments in executive function, processing speed, attention, and learning new information. The course of Dementia due to human immunodeficiency virus varies including resolution of symptoms, gradual decline in functioning, improvement, or fluctuation in symptoms. Rapid decline in cognitive functioning is rare with the advent of antiretroviral medications.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.4         Dementia due to multiple sclerosis

Dementia due to multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease due to the cerebral effects of multiple sclerosis, a demyelinating disease. Onset of symptoms is insidious and not secondary to the functional impairment attributable to the primary disease (i.e., multiple sclerosis). Cognitive impairments vary according to the location of demyelination but typically include deficits in processing speed, memory, attention, and aspects of executive functioning.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.5         Dementia due to prion disease

Dementia due to prion disease is a primary neurodegenerative disease caused by a group of spongiform encephalopathies resulting from abnormal prion protein accumulation in the brain. These can be sporadic, genetic (caused by mutations in the prion-protein gene), or transmissible (acquired from an infected individual). Onset is insidious and there is a rapid progression of symptoms and impairment characterised by cognitive deficits, ataxia, and motor symptoms (myoclonus, chorea, or dystonia). Diagnosis is typically made on the basis of brain imaging studies, presence of characteristic proteins in spinal fluid, EEG, or genetic testing.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.6       Dementia due to normal pressure hydrocephalus

Dementia due to normal pressure hydrocephalus results from excess accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain as a result of idiopathic, non-obstructive causes but can also be secondary to haemorrhage, infection or inflammation. Progression is gradual but intervention (e.g., shunt) may result in improvement of symptoms, especially if administered earlier in the course of the condition. Typically, cognitive impairments include reduced processing speed and deficits in executive functioning and attention. These symptoms are also typically accompanied by gait abnormalities and urinary incontinence. Brain imaging to reveal ventricular volume and characterize brain displacement is often necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.7          Dementia due to injury to the head

Dementia due to injury to the head is caused by damage inflicted on the tissues of the brain as the direct or indirect result of an external force. Trauma to the brain is known to have resulted in loss of consciousness, amnesia, disorientation and confusion, or neurological signs. The symptoms characteristic of Dementia due to injury to the head must arise immediately following the trauma or after the individual gains consciousness and must persist beyond the acute post-injury period. Cognitive deficits vary depending on the specific brain areas affected and the severity of the injury but can include impairments in attention, memory, executive functioning, personality, processing speed, social cognition, and language abilities.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.8          Dementia due to pellagra

Dementia due to pellagra is caused by persistent lack of vitamin B3 (niacin) or tryptophan either in the diet or due to poor absorption in the gastrointestinal tract due to disease (e.g., Crohn disease) or due to the effects of some medications (e.g., isoniazid). Core signs of pellagra include dermatological changes (sensitivity to sunlight, lesions, alopecia, and oedema) and diarrhoea. With prolonged nutritional deficiency cognitive symptoms that include aggressivity, motor disturbances (ataxia and restlessness), confusion, and weakness are observed. Treatment with nutritional supplementation (e.g., niacin) typically results in reversal of symptoms.

Coding Note:     Code aslo the causing condition

6D85.9          Dementia due to Down syndrome

Dementia due to Down syndrome is a neurodegenerative disorder related to the impact of abnormal increased production and accumulation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) leading to formation of beta-amyloid plaques and tau tangles. APP gene expression is increased due to its location on chromosome 21, which is abnormally triplicated in Down syndrome. Cognitive deficits and neuropathological features are similar to those observed in Alzheimer disease. Onset is typically after the fourth decade of life with a gradual decline in functioning, and may impact 50% or more of individuals with Down syndrome.

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.

6D85.Y         Dementia due to other specified diseases classified elsewhere

Coding Note:     This category should never be used in primary tabulation. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify the presence of dementia in diseases classified elsewhere.

When dementia is due to multiple aetiologies, code all that apply.


REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


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