Saturday, 28 May 2022

ICD-11 Criteria for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (6C90)

ICD-11 Criteria for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (6C90)

Oppositional defiant disorder is a persistent pattern (e.g., 6 months or more) of markedly defiant, disobedient, provocative or spiteful behaviour that occurs more frequently than is typically observed in individuals of comparable age and developmental level and that is not restricted to interaction with siblings. Oppositional defiant disorder may be manifest in prevailing, persistent angry or irritable mood, often accompanied by severe temper outbursts or in headstrong, argumentative and defiant behaviour. The behaviour pattern is of sufficient severity to result in significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning

6C90.0     Oppositional Defiant Disorder with Chronic Irritability-Anger

All definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder are met. This form of oppositional defiant disorder is characterised by prevailing, persistent angry or irritable mood that may be present independent of any apparent provocation. The negative mood is often accompanied by regularly occurring severe temper outbursts that are grossly out of proportion in intensity or duration to the provocation. Chronic irritability and anger are characteristic of the individual’s functioning nearly every day, are observable across multiple settings or domains of functioning (e.g., home, school, social relationships), and are not restricted to the individual’s relationship with his/her parents or guardians. The pattern of chronic irritability and anger is not limited to occasional episodes (e.g., developmentally typical irritability) or discrete periods (e.g., irritable mood in the context of manic or depressive episodes).

6C90.00    Oppositional Defiant Disorder with Chronic Irritability-Anger with Limited Prosocial Emotions

All definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder with chronic irritability-anger are met. In addition, the individual exhibits characteristics that are sometimes referred to as ‘callous and unemotional’. These characteristics include a lack of empathy or sensitivity to the feelings of others and a lack of concern for others’ distress; a lack of remorse, shame or guilt over their own behaviour (unless prompted by being apprehended), a relative indifference to the probability of punishment; a lack of concern over poor performance in school or work; and limited expression of emotions, particularly positive or loving feelings toward others, or only doing so in ways that seem shallow, insincere, or instrumental.

6C90.01   Oppositional Defiant Disorder with Chronic Irritability-Anger with Typical Prosocial Emotions

All definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder with chronic irritability-anger are met. The individual does not exhibit characteristics referred to as ‘callous and unemotional’, such as lack of empathy or sensitivity to the feelings of others and a lack of concern for others’ distress.

6C90.0Z     Oppositional Defiant Disorder with Chronic Irritability-Anger, Unspecified

6C90.1   Oppositional Defiant Disorder without Chronic Irritability-Anger

Meets all definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder. This form of oppositional defiant disorder is not characterised by prevailing, persistent, angry or irritable mood, but does feature headstrong, argumentative, and defiant behaviour.

6C90.10    Oppositional Defiant Disorder without Chronic Irritability-Anger with Limited Prosocial Emotions

All definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder without chronic irritability-anger are met. In addition, the individual exhibits characteristics that are sometimes referred to as ‘callous and unemotional’. These characteristics include a lack of empathy or sensitivity to the feelings of others and a lack of concern for others’ distress; a lack of remorse, shame or guilt over their own behaviour (unless prompted by being apprehended), a relative indifference to the probability of punishment; a lack of concern over poor performance in school or work; and limited expression of emotions, particularly positive or loving feelings toward others, or only doing so in ways that seem shallow, insincere, or instrumental. This pattern is pervasive across situations and relationships (i.e., the qualifier should not be applied based on a single characteristic, a single relationship, or a single instance of behaviour) and is pattern is persistent over time (e.g., at least 1 year).

6C90.11    Oppositional Defiant Disorder without Chronic Irritability-Anger with Typical Prosocial Emotions

All definitional requirements for oppositional defiant disorder without chronic irritability-anger are met. The individual does not exhibit characteristics referred to as ‘callous and unemotional’, such as lack of empathy or sensitivity to the feelings of others and a lack of concern for others’ distress.

6C90.1Z  Oppositional Defiant Disorder without Chronic Irritability-Anger, Unspecified

6C90.Z    Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Unspecified

REFERENCE:

International Classification of Diseases Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. License: CC BY-ND 3.0 IGO.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/


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