Monday, 16 May 2022

Extrapyramidal Symptoms

Extrapyramidal Symptoms

It has been typical to assess parkinsonism with the Simpson–Angus scale: SAS11 (10 items), tardive movement disorders with the abnormal involuntary movement scale: AIMS12 (10 items plus two dental status items), akathisia with the Barnes akathisia rating scale: BARS13 (four items). These three scales were frequently rated altogether. In fact, if any one of these scales was assessed, both of the rest were also evaluated in 40% of the cases overall (and as high as 74% in 2009). The extrapyramidal symptom rating scale: ESRS14 (41 items plus 4 CGIs’ for akathisia, dyskinesia, dystonia and parkinsonism) has been used much less frequently.


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