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Factors associated with risk of repetition of attempted suicide

Factors Associated with Risk of Repetition of Attempted Suicide

Previous Attempt: Individuals who have previously attempted suicide are at a higher risk of repeating the attempt. This is because past attempts may indicate a higher level of psychological distress and a greater likelihood of attempting suicide again in the future.

Personality Disorder: People with personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder, are also at an increased risk of repeating attempted suicide. These disorders can cause significant emotional instability, impulsivity, and difficulty regulating emotions, which can contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Criminal Record: Those with a criminal record are at a higher risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to a history of substance abuse, impulsivity, and aggression, which can increase the risk of suicidal behavior.

History of Violence: Individuals with a history of violence are also at an increased risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to the presence of underlying mental health issues, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can contribute to both violent behaviour and suicidal ideation.

Alcohol or Drug Abuse: Substance abuse, including alcohol and drug abuse, is associated with an increased risk of attempted suicide. Substance abuse can exacerbate underlying mental health issues, impair judgment, and lead to impulsive behaviour.

Age 25-54 Years: People between the ages of 25 and 54 are at a higher risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to the presence of more stressors during this period of life, such as financial pressures, relationship difficulties, and career changes.

Unemployment: Individuals who are unemployed are also at an increased risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to financial difficulties, social isolation, and feelings of hopelessness and despair.

Lower Social Class: People from lower social classes are at a higher risk of attempting suicide, possibly due to a lack of access to mental health services, financial difficulties, and social isolation.

Previous Psychiatric Treatment: Individuals who have previously received psychiatric treatment are at a higher risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to the persistence of underlying mental health issues or inadequate treatment.

Single, Divorced, or Separated: People who are single, divorced, or separated are at an increased risk of repeating attempted suicide. This may be due to the lack of social support and increased feelings of loneliness and isolation.

  • Previous attempt , Personality disorder  
  • Criminal record
  • History of violence
  • Alcohol or drug abuse, Age 25–54 years 
  • Unemployment  
  • Lower social class  
  • Previous psychiatric treatment
  • Single, divorced, or separated


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